On June 5, 2013 the United States District Court for the District of Minnesota granted DISH Network, EchoStar Technologies and NagraStar’s final judgment against Joshua Alan Lamaack, a/k/a RAZOR420.  DISH and NagraStar sued Lamaack in October 2012 in connection with his role in the operation of the RazorTV IKS service and his sale and distribution of illicit passcodes for that service.  The Court found Lamaack’s conduct violated section 605 of the Federal Communications Act and found evidence establishing 35 separate violations.  The Court awarded DISH Network and NagraStar $350,000.00 in damages calculated at the maximum statutory amount of $10,000 per violation.  The Court further found Lamaack’s conduct violated section 1201 of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”) and issued a permanent injunction prohibiting future violations by Lamaack.  Finally, the Court invoked the impoundment provisions of the DMCA and ordered Lamaack to turn over for seizure all remaining passcodes and electronic storage media containing those passcodes to DISH Network’s counsel within 10 days.  DISH Network and NagraStar continue to investigate and take action against those responsible for trying to circumvent the companies’ security system in order to gain unauthorized access to DISH Network programming.